The transport sector is responsible for 40% of UK final energy consumption, 98% of which is fuelled by oil. Energy consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2007, but has increased by almost 6% since 2013.

Projects in this theme target areas where transport decarbonisation efforts are generating particularly acute technological and governance challenges for the energy system, especially at the local level.

Six core projects will investigate the readiness of the grid for EVs; planning and governance of grid connectedness of new housing; air quality and ecosystem impacts of transport electrification; local energy and mobility transitions; aviation and shipping; and global battery & vehicle supply chains. These core projects will be complemented by collaborations with other themes and the CREDS research programme.