For a variety of economic and other reasons, heat decarbonisation is likely to lead to the deployment of similar solutions in particular local areas. This project will assess and quantify the different low carbon heat options at a local scale, including interdependencies between heat and other energy vectors and the potential contribution from industrial waste/residual heat. Cost-benefit and risk analysis will be used to understand synergies and trade-offs between singular and diverse heat solutions in specific areas. This will include assessment of the performance of heat pump clusters under average and extreme weather conditions using high resolution heat pump data.