Concerns are growing in the UK and in other European countries about the social and economic implications of recent unprecedented increases in the level and volatility of energy prices. This raises questions about how governments and other economic actors might mitigate these negative impacts over the short- and the long-term.

This project will assess the impact of policy measures aimed at increasing consumers’ resilience to energy price volatility, including those specifically directed at vulnerable consumers. It will also consider whether more robust legal and institutional mechanisms are required to maintain the credibility of the energy regulation system.