Replacement of fossil electricity generation by more variable renewable resources in particular locations, much of it currently uncontrollable, requires greater flexibility from the gas system and raises questions on restoration timescales in the event of a system collapse (Bell et al., 2017). Climate change is also likely to lead to new challenges for system resilience. Recent events in Britain have highlighted the potential impact of long, widespread energy supply interruptions (RAEng, 2014; RAEng, 2016).

This project will: examine the engineering risks and assess the need for new industry standards to drive appropriate action, and conduct a systematic assessment of impacts on consumers and on critical services such as heating, water, communications, the health service and transport.